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Author(s): Reyes Sanchez, Nadir
Published in: Doctoral Thesis-Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.   Sep 9, 2005
http://www.moringanews.org/documents/LivestProd.pdf

Two things were studied in this thesis: 1. the effects of feeding Moringa to cattle as a supplement on their milk production, weight, milk quality, and digestibility, and 2. the best way to grow Moringa for maximum biomass and nutritional yield. The results indicated that when fed to cows as a supplement to their regular feed, Moringa resulted in higher food intake, weight gain, and higher milk production. The milk quality remained the same. The best way to grow Moringa for maximum biomass and nutrition was in high densities at 50-75 plants per square meter, and harvested at 75 day intervals.


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Author(s): Donli PO, H Dauda
Published in: Pest Management Science.   Sep 13, 2003
59 9 pp. 1060-1
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/jws/ps/2003/00000059/00000009/art00015

Current summary based on abstract only.

The extracts of Moringa oleifera seeds have been proven to have antibiotic properties, and in this experiment, the use of M. oleifera seed extracts as a fungicide was evaluated. The results of the seed extract was compared with a commonly recommended treatment chemical, Apron Plus. The seed extracts proved to be an effective means of seed treatment, with every variabe except the smallest dose bearing decent results.


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Author(s): Foidl, Nikolaus, H.P.S. Makkar, K. Becker
Published in: The Miracle Tree: The Multiple Atributes of Moringa (book).   Oct 20, 2001
http://www.moringanews.org/actes/foidl_en.doc

Moringa oleifera has many possible uses. The leaves and pods can be eaten by humans as nutritious food. Moringa oil is used as a lubricant for fine machinery since it is slow to grow rancid and is not sticky. It is also used by the perfume/cosmetic industry as it absorbs scent well. The seeds, when crushed, can be used as water purifiers, removing up to 99% of toxins, making water drinkable. This is highly beneficial in areas where conventional water treatment is too expensive. The leaf extract can be used as a plant-growth enhancer, making crops bigger and stronger and more able to withstand disease. It makes a protein-rich cattle fodder, shown to increase cattle growth and milk production. Nutritionally, Moringa has not been shown to have any toxic qualities and can be grown in high-density as a field crop.


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Fodder trees in Himachal Pradesh.

Author(s): Negi, S. S.
Published in: Indian Vet. Res. Inst., Patampur, Himachal Pradesh, India. I.   May 18, 1977
Vol.103 14 No.9 pp.616-622

While using tree leaves as livestock feed is a well known practice for most farmers, it is usually done in the absence of grains, grasses or other feed. In many mountainous regions such as northern India, however, trees are the main constituent in livestock diet. In wet, mountainous climates ill-suited for production of more common fodders such as grass and legumes, tree foliage could be a valuable asset to local agriculture.
Most tree fodder has a richer nutrient content than grass and non-legume fodders, containing crude fiber and high calcium, and with some species additional benefits include favorable taste and shade for farmers and animals. This article explores the pros and cons of various tree species employed for farm use in India.


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