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Author(s): Yongabi KA
Published in: .   Oct 15, 2004
http://www.biotech.kth.se/iobb/news/kenneth04.doc

A cheaper way of purifying water needed to be found. The researcher used the seeds of Moringa oleifera among other plants and fungi. The seeds proved 90% efficient at cleaning dirty water. Its low impact on the environment versus chlorine and how common it is make it have the potential of providing clean water to many people.


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Analytical Characterization of Moringa oleifera Seed Oil Grown in Temperate Regions of Pakistan

Author(s): Anwar F, M. I. Bhanger
Published in: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.   Sep 17, 2003
51 22 pp 6558-63

In this article, an experiment was run in order to test nutritional and industrial potential of Moringa oleifera seed oil in different areas of Pakistan. It was found that in areas where the moringa tree was able to grow with a regular source of water, the yield of oil was much higher than in areas such as its native environment in mountainous areas. It was also observed that for many variables, the content of the oil was significantly higher than that of the M. oleifera oil native in Kenya. Overall, the moringa seeds had a much higher yield than conventional oil seeds, and also contained high amount of protein, fatty acids, and other variables that show potential for farm and industrial tasks, which makes M. oleifera seed oil a possibly successful crop for Pakistan, which would not only cut down costs of importing oils, but would also be a reasonable export.


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Author(s): Donli PO, H Dauda
Published in: Pest Management Science.   Sep 13, 2003
59 9 pp. 1060-1
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/jws/ps/2003/00000059/00000009/art00015

Current summary based on abstract only.

The extracts of Moringa oleifera seeds have been proven to have antibiotic properties, and in this experiment, the use of M. oleifera seed extracts as a fungicide was evaluated. The results of the seed extract was compared with a commonly recommended treatment chemical, Apron Plus. The seed extracts proved to be an effective means of seed treatment, with every variabe except the smallest dose bearing decent results.


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Author(s): Lipipun V, M. Kurokawa, R. Suttisri, P Taweechotipatr, P. Pramyothin, M Hattori, K. Shiraki
Published in: Antiviral Research.   Jun 24, 2003
60 1 175-180
http://www.cababstractsplus.org/google/abstract.asp?AcNo=20033209913

This study evaluated the use of twenty Thai plants on herpes simplex virus type 1. Such a virus can cause several life-threatening diseases.

The experiment began with the collection of the plants from both Mae Wong in Kamphaengphet and Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok. The leaves of each plant were extracted with either water and/or ethanol.

Female mice who were six weeks old were used for the experiment. Each mouse was infected with the virus, causing skin lesions. Using different plant extracts on the skin lesions of each mouse, researchers tested the effectiveness of each extract. The Moringa oleifera plant was one of the most effective of the twenty leaves, significantly reducing the mortality rate of the infected mice.


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Author(s): Mehta LK, R Balaraman, AH Amin, PA Bafna, OD Gulati
Published in: Journal of Ethnopharmacology.   Feb 12, 2003
86 1 191-195
10.1016/S0378-8741(03)00075-8
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8D-488P4PJ-4&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=09b6f17289adf856d22cc04f245038a4

The fruit, as well as the leaves and seeds, of the Moringa oleifera is known for its medicinal value. Heart disease is one of many illnesses this fruit may be able to reduce the risk of for future patients. More specifically, the authors of this article tested the fruits' effects on hypercholesterolaemia. If left untreated, this illness can lead to coronary heart disease.

To test this hypothesis, Moringa oleifera fruit was picked and cleaned. The middle portion was then dried and administered to the test subjects. Male rabbits which weighed between 1.5 and 2.5kg were used in this study. They were divided into six groups of six, each group being given varying levels of both the Moringa fruit and of lovastatin in banana pulp. This regimen was given to the rabbits in addition to their normal diet for 120 days.

It was found that the group which had been given 200mg per kg of their body weight of Moringa fruit and 6mg per kg of their body weight of lovastatin had the most advantageous results. This particular group had lower serum cholesterol, phospholipids and triglycerides. More research must be done to correlate these findings with possible evidence for the fruit to be used in such a manner with humans.



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Author(s): Kumar NA, L Pari
Published in: Journal of Medicinal Food.   Jan 1, 2003
6 3 255-259
10.1089/10966200360716670
http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/10966200360716670

The leaves of the Moringa oleifera are of much nutritional value to humans. In order to test the possibility of the leaves treating liver disease, a study was completed with Wistar rats at Rajah Muthiah Medical College in India.

The experiment began with the collection of fresh Moringa leaves which were then extracted with ethanol. The participants, male Wistar rats, were then divided into six groups of six. Each group was given a different percentage of the extract per their body weight, with the first group recieving no extract.

Researchers found that the extract lowers several chemicals within the rats including liver lipids. It does, however, simultaneously enhance antioxidants within the rat.


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Author(s): Foidl, Nikolaus, H.P.S. Makkar, K. Becker
Published in: The Miracle Tree: The Multiple Atributes of Moringa (book).   Oct 20, 2001
http://www.moringanews.org/actes/foidl_en.doc

Moringa oleifera has many possible uses. The leaves and pods can be eaten by humans as nutritious food. Moringa oil is used as a lubricant for fine machinery since it is slow to grow rancid and is not sticky. It is also used by the perfume/cosmetic industry as it absorbs scent well. The seeds, when crushed, can be used as water purifiers, removing up to 99% of toxins, making water drinkable. This is highly beneficial in areas where conventional water treatment is too expensive. The leaf extract can be used as a plant-growth enhancer, making crops bigger and stronger and more able to withstand disease. It makes a protein-rich cattle fodder, shown to increase cattle growth and milk production. Nutritionally, Moringa has not been shown to have any toxic qualities and can be grown in high-density as a field crop.


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Author(s): McMahon M, K Itoh, M Yamamoto, S Chanas, C Henderson, L McLellan, CR Wolf, C Cavin, J Hayes
Published in: Cancer Research.   Apr 15, 2001
61 1 3299-3307
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/content/full/61/8/3299

Cancer research has shown that edible plants might be helpful as part of future cancer treatment regimens. It has been found that each particular patient is different, however, as each person has a different level of several components in their digestive tract.

To test this hypothesis, researchers examined the small intestines of various ten week old male mice. With the evidence found in this experiment, researchers might be a step closer to determining the enzymes which a person must have in order for the edible plants to be used as a possible form of treatment.


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Author(s): Babu SC
Published in: Biotechnololgy, Agronomy, Society and Environment.   Jun 26, 2000
4 3 169–179
http://www.bib.fsagx.ac.be/library/base/text/v4n3/169.pdf

The author presents a model for efforts to improve nutrition for people in malnourished areas through use of highly nutritious indigenous plants. The problem of vitamin A deficiency in Malawi is used as an example. The leaves of Moringa oliefera, which are very high in vitamin A, are suggested as a possible solution. The author then outlines a model for identifying a nutritional problem, determining a potential local plant to solve the problem, determining its acceptability by local people, and implementing an educational “nutrition intervention” program.


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Rural nutrition interventions with indigenous plant foods - a case study of vitamin A deficiency in Malawi

Author(s): Babu, Suresh Chandra
Published in: Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment.   Jun 26, 2000
4 3 pp 169-179

In this paper, the issue of vitamin A deficiency in Malawi is examined and methods of nutritional interventions are presented in detail. Also included are the results of a study of the vitamin A content of indigenous plant Moringa oleifera, which proved to be higher not only in vitamin A content than other commonly consumed vegetables, but also in vitamin C levels as well. The methods for implementing Moringa into the diets of the people of Malawi are suggested, which includes steps such as nutritional surveys, analysis and mentioned examination of taste/preference impact on diets. The most important aspect of these methods proposed is the concept of educating households in order to effectively modify diets and promote well nutrition.


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