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Novel Hypotensive Agents, Niazimin A, Niazimin B, Niazicin A and Niazincin B from Moringa oleifera: Isolation of First Naturally Occurring Carbamates

Author(s): Faiz S, BS Siddiqui, R Saleem, S Siddiqui, K Aftab, A Gilani
Published in: J Chem Soc Perkin Transactions 1.   Jun 10, 1994

Researchers have tested the usage of several particles they have identified within the leaves of the Moringa oleifera. This article shows the results of such experiments with those particles concerning the lowering of the blood pressure in humans.


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Pharmacological Studies on Hypotensive and Spasmolytic Activities of Pure Compounds from Moringa oleifera

Author(s): Gilani A, K Aftab, A. Suria, S Siddiqui, R Salem, B Siddiqui, S Faizi
Published in: Phytotherapy Research.   Jun 1, 1994
8 1 87-91

Four compounds have been identified within the leaves of the Moringa oleifera which have been shown to reduce the blood pressure of rats. The effects of such experimentation on guinea pigs and rabbits is also included in this article. Overall, these researchers found the compounds to have an effect on several gastrointestinal motility disorders, in the animals used in their experimentation.


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Drumstick Polysaccharide as Pharmaceutical Adjuvant

Author(s): S.R. Kurma, SH Mishra
Published in: Indian Journal of Natural Products.   Dec 1, 1993
9 1 3-6

Researchers in this study aimed to determine whether polysaccharides from Moringa oleifera pods could be used in the pharmaceutical industry.
The pods used for this study were extracted first with the use of sulfuric acid and then through an alcoholic rinse of sorts. They were then purified, dried and studied by the researchers. It was found through these studies that the polysaccharides found in such pods could possibly work in a pharmaceutical format in the future.


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A Prospective Study of Dietary Intake and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in HIV-Seropositive Homosexual Men

Author(s): Abrams B, D Duncan, I Hertz-Picciotto
Published in: Study on the effects of nutritional intake and the developme.   Aug 6, 1993
6 Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Sy 8 949-58

This is a study performed to attempt to find a link between nutrition intake and the development of AIDS in HIV-positive homosexual men. The study was performed over 6 years. Participants kept detailed logs of food intake, multivitamin supplements taken, health symptoms and other potentially health-effecting variables such as smoking, drinking and drug use. Because the subjects were all properly nourished, this study was unable to study the affect of malnutrition on the development of AIDS.

In this study, risk of developing AIDS was based on CD4 T-lymphocyte count, HIV symptoms and other variables. No nutrients were directly associated with AIDS as a result of this study, but it was shown that as general health and intake of the 11 micronutrients increased, risk of developing AIDS significantly decreased, and CD4 count was higher at the baseline level. It was also deduced that taking a multivitamin also dramatically reduces the risk of developing AIDS.


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Comparative Studies on Nutritive Values of Tender Foliage of Seedlings and Mature Plants of Moringa oleifera LAM.

Author(s): D'Souza J and AR Kulkarni
Published in: Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany.   Jan 1, 1993
17 2 479-485

The nutritive value of tender foliage of seedlings four to eight months in age and mature trees of Moringa oleifera were compared. Samples were collected from plants grown without special irrigation or fertilizer treatment. Total proteins, lipids, vitamins A, B1, B6, and C, fiber, and ash were collected. Proteins, lipids, and vitamins A, B1, B6, and C were nearly double in the leaves of seedlings while fiber and ash were higher in the leaves of mature trees. The study concluded that seedling foliage of M. oleifera was higher in nutritive value than other common leafy vegetables, such as cabbage, fenugreek, lettuce, and spinach. The foliage would be a good source of fodder and fish feed as well. Foliage of seedlings 31 to 210 days in age has the highest vitamin content.


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Author(s): Faiz S, BS Siddiqui, R Saleem, S Siddiqui, K Aftab, A Gilani
Published in: J Chem Soc Perkin Transactions 1.   Jul 29, 1992
3237 - 324
10.1039/P19920003237
http://www.rsc.org/Publishing/Journals/P1/article.asp?doi=P19920003237

Researchers have identified several particles and compounds within the Moringa oleifera through the use of chemical and spectroscopic methods. The results of this experiment show both the processes which were done and the particles which were found through such work. One compound they found is rare and are called the mustard oil glycosides.


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Effect of [Moringa oleifera] Seed Extracts in the Treatment of Experimental Pyodermia

Author(s): Caceres A., S. Lopez
Published in: Pharmacological Properties of Moringa oleifera.   Jun 25, 1991
62 5 3 pp. 449-45

Moringa oleifera has been used, where grown, in treatment of skin irritation and infections, and in this study, the effects of the M. oleifera seed extracts are tested on experimental pyodermia in mice. It was found that when applied daily to infected lesions, the substances containing the extracts healed the wounds faster than the control, and just as fast as an antibiotic ointment, suggesting fair antibiotical properties to the extracts of M. oleifera seeds.


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Author(s): Limcangco-Lopez, P. D. Devendra, C. (ed)
Published in: International Development Research Center.   May 18, 1989
45 ref No.276e pp.61-75
http://www.moringanews.org/biblio_en.html

Livestock / poultry feed expenses are a continuing problem in developing countries. Leucaena Leucocephala, Manihot esculenta, Trema orientalis, Sesbania rostrata, Muros indica, Pisonia alba, leaf protein concentrate, and Moringa oleifera are discussed as possible feed resources. Some have positive results, including weight gain in animals, while others have some toxic or harmful properties such as failed conception or suppressed growth. Moringa fed in high quantities (7.5 and 10%) to one-week old chicks resulted in less growth, Moringa as 5% or less of their diet did not affect them negatively.


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In-vitro availability of Iron in Various Green Leafy Vegetables

Author(s): Chawla S., A. Sanena, S. Seshadri
Published in: Journal of the science of food and agriculture.   Feb 10, 1988
46 1 pp. 125-12

Commonly used green leafy vegetables were tested for iron availability when included with a common meal in India (wheat chapati and potato). Included in this study were the leaves of Moringa oleifera, referred to in this study by its 'drumstick' name. Overall, the drumstick leaves' iron content was reasonably high in comparison to other vegetables, though certainly not the highest. The only outstanding result found in the drumstick leaves was their absorbic acid amounts, which was over twice the amount of that in several of the other tested vegetables. What was determined in this study was that while iron levels seem unrelated to those of absorbic acid, they suggest possible relations between oxalate and/or polyphenols.


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Author(s): M Madsen, J Schlundt, EFE Omer
Published in: Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.   Jun 20, 1987
90 1 101-109
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3586089

Water purification systems in Sudan were evaluated during this experiment. Women in Sudan have been purifying the water they gather from the Nile for many years.

Water for this experiment was collected from the Blue Nile, the White Nile and an irrigation canal in Khartoum. Bacterial strains were added to the majority of the water collected.

Two types of plant seeds were used for the coagulation process, which was done in a laboratory in Copenhagen. The Moringa oleifera was found to be more effective for bacterial strain removal than its cousin, the Moringa steropetala from Madagascar.


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