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In-vitro availability of Iron in Various Green Leafy Vegetables

Author(s): Chawla S., A. Sanena, S. Seshadri
Published in: Journal of the science of food and agriculture.   Feb 10, 1988
46 1 pp. 125-12

Commonly used green leafy vegetables were tested for iron availability when included with a common meal in India (wheat chapati and potato). Included in this study were the leaves of Moringa oleifera, referred to in this study by its 'drumstick' name. Overall, the drumstick leaves' iron content was reasonably high in comparison to other vegetables, though certainly not the highest. The only outstanding result found in the drumstick leaves was their absorbic acid amounts, which was over twice the amount of that in several of the other tested vegetables. What was determined in this study was that while iron levels seem unrelated to those of absorbic acid, they suggest possible relations between oxalate and/or polyphenols.


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Nutritional Value of Shigru (Moringa oleifera Lam.)

Author(s): Dhar, B. and O. P. Gupta
Published in: Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research (B.M.E.B.R.).   Jan 1, 1982
III No. 2 to 4 280-288

Dhar and Gupta’s research recommends the use of Moringa Oleifera (a.k.a. Shigru) to prevent and/or obliterate diseases, particularly night blindness so prevalent in the developing world. Moringa, which flowers and fruits twice a year, is cultivated in tropical countries, making it an ideal supplement for vitamin-poor diets. Minerals such as calcium, phosphorous and magnesium are essential for body development, growth, and strengthening bones and teeth. Iodine expedites the thyroid while copper and iron form blood cells. All of these nutrients are found in Moringa to a high degree.
Moringa leaves contain all the essential nutrients to maintain body health, especially Vitamins A and C. Moringa is noted for preventing Xeropthal mia caused by Vitamin A deficiency. It has the highest value of all the vegetables for Vitamin A, making it an ideal choice in treatment of night blindness and other eye diseases. When compared to developed countries, blindness is 10 to 40 times higher in developing countries where forty-two million people, 25% of them children, go blind each year. In India alone, 40,000 go blind annually due to malnutrition.
Moringa oleifera with its rich nutrients of Vitamins A and C provides an inexpensive treatment for malnutrition. Only 4,000-5,000 IUs of Vitamin A per day clears up Bitot spot and cures night blindness in a week. A mere hundred grams of Shigru leaves provide all essential constituents per day and is cost effective, as well. One problem to be surmounted is finding a way to make its slightly unpleasant, bitter taste more palatable to the general public.



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Author(s): Ginja V, D Sharada, P Pushpamma
Published in: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research.   Oct 5, 1981
52 1 9-13
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7085205

The nutritional content of the leaves of three trees native to the Andhra Pradesh area of India were compared in this study. This particular research concerned amounts of thiamine, riboflavin and niacin in each tree's leaves. Results showed that when cooked in a curry form the former two nutrients were found highly in the Moringa plant's leaves. The methods of the study are also included within the paper.


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